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Thread: Kumpulan jenis Ikan Laut

  1. suncity103 is offline RegularFishy suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold
    Real Name
    adri
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    Kayanya sih gindara itu skeluarga salmon..kalo escolar kulitnya tuh kan coklat d,klo gindara item..
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    Gohunt is offline RegularFishy Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold
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    Lulu Wiradilaga
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    Escolar



    Klasifikasi / Nama

    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gempylidae (Snake mackerels)
    Nama-nama umum atau Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 200 cm SL jantan/; common length : 150 cm SL jantan/; Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 45.0 kg

    Lingkungan

    Bentopelagis; oceanodromus ; laut; kisaran kedalaman 200 - 1100 m

    Klimat / Range

    Deep-water; 50N - 56S, 180W - 180E

    Penyebaran

    Tropical and temperate seas of the world, but probably not occurring in the northern Indian Ocean. Northwest Atlantic: Canada. Eastern Atlantic: known from 13N off Guinea to Lobutu, Angola.

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total): 8 - 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total): 16-18; Duri dubur 1 - 2; Sirip dubur lunak: 12 - 14; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 31. Body almost uniformly dark brown, becoming almost black with age. Pelvic fins well developed, with I spine and 5 soft rays. Prominent lateral keel on caudal peduncle, flanked by smaller accessory keels above and below.

    Biologi

    Occurs mainly over the continental slope, down to 200 m and more. Migrates upward at night. Feeds on squid, crustaceans and a wide variety of fishes. Flesh oily and may have purgative properties. Sometimes caught by tuna long-liners. Marketed frozen and as fish cakes in Japan.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Harmless
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    Gohunt is offline RegularFishy Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold
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    Lulu Wiradilaga
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    Kerapu Lodi




    Plectropomus maculatus
    Spotted coralgrouper




    klasifikasi / Nama

    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
    Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 100.0 cm SL jantan/; Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 25.0 kg

    Lingkungan

    Berasosiasi dengan karang; laut; kisaran kedalaman 5 - 100 m

    Klimat / Range

    Tropical; 21N - 28S, 117E - 159E

    Penyebaran

    Western Pacific: Thailand, Singapore, Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Arafura Sea, Solomon Islands, and Australia (from Houtman Abrolhos in Western Australia to Gladstone, Queensland). This species was formerly listed as occurring in the western Indian Ocean based on a misidentification of Plectropomus pessuliferus.

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 7 - 8; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 10-12; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8

    Biologi


    Found in protected coastal reef in mixed algae and coral habitat. Common on inshore coastal reefs but absent in clear offshore reefs. Juveniles have a demersal existence in shallow water in reef habitats, especially around coral rubble. Migrate over short distances to spawn, forming aggregations . May move into shallow water to feed. Eggs float just below the water surface. Pelagic larvae are found in habitats similar to those of the adults. Juveniles feed on small fish and invertebrates such as crustaceans and squid. Commonly used for food. Its flesh is delicate and well appreciated.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Diragukan.
    Reports of ciguatera poisoning.
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  4. suncity103 is offline RegularFishy suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold suncity103 is a splendid one to behold
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    adri
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    @oom lulu: nah bner ini oom ikan lodi alias kerapu bintang..beda sm kerapu merah yah oom..ini diskujur bodynya ada spoted2 biru gt,dipasar ikan PIK ada jual dlm keadaan hidup 250rb per kilo oom..thank you oom buat postingannya..salam strike..
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    Gohunt is offline RegularFishy Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold
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    Kerapu Merah

    Cephalopholis sonnerati - Tomato hind






    Klasifikasi / Nama

    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
    Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 57.0 cm TL jantan/; common length : 30.0 cm TL jantan/

    Length at first maturity

    Lm ?, range 28 - ? cm

    Lingkungan

    Berasosiasi dengan karang; nir-ruaya; laut; kisaran kedalaman 10 - 150 m, usually 20 - 150 m

    Klimat / Range

    Tropical; 34N - 32S, 31E - 158W

    Penyebaran

    Indo-Pacific: east coast of Africa (Djibouti, Socotra to Durban) to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to southern Queensland (Australia). Not found at the Chagos Archipelago despite intensive survey and not reported from the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.
    Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Introduksi

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 14-16; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 9. Opercular spines very small. Pelvic fins usually reaching or extending beyond anus. Color of adults in Indian Ocean: body orange-red to reddish brown, often with scattered small whitish blotches; head purplish to reddish brown with numerous close-set orange-red spots; membrane between lower 2 opercular spines usually darker than rest of head; fins usually darker than body, esp. the caudal and posterior part of dorsal and anal fins; pelvic fins often blackish distally. Color of adults in the Pacific: light reddish to yellowish brown with numerous small brownish red spots on head, body, and fins. Caudal fin rounded.

    Biologi

    Occurs in deep lagoon reefs and steep outer reef slopes; encountered in coastal areas with rocky substrates. Juveniles are usually found near sponges or coral heads. Adults usually at moderate depths with bommies with large holes, usually occupied by cleaner shrimps. Usually caught in depths of 30 to 100 m, but in Madagascar, it occurs in depths of 10 to 20 m. Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans including shrimps, crabs and stomatopods. Females mature at about 28 cm SL and males at about 34 cm SL. Generally marketed fresh. In Hong Kong live fish markets.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Harmless
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    Tracker Muse King is offline RegularFishy Tracker Muse King will become famous soon enough
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    wow mantaabz threadnya sangat membantu mengenali jenis2 ikan....trims om...
    no matter on which spot we go fishing, we always have the same sky ^_^
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    Gohunt is offline RegularFishy Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold
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    Kerapu Sunu

    Plectropomus leopardus - Leopard coralgrouper




    Klasifikasi / Nama
    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
    Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 120 cm SL jantan/; common length : 35.0 cm SL jantan/; Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 23.6 kg ; Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 26 Tahun

    Length at first maturity

    Lm ?, range 21 - 60 cm

    Lingkungan

    Berasosiasi dengan karang; oceanodromus ; laut; kisaran kedalaman 3 - 100 m

    Klimat / Range

    Tropical; 24C - ? ; 35N - 30S, 99E - 178W

    Penyebaran

    Western Pacific: southern Japan to Australia (Queensland and Western Australia) and eastward to the Caroline Islands and Fiji. Recently recorded from Tonga. Often misidentified as Plectropomus maculatus.
    Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 7 - 8; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 10-12; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8. Color in life olivaceous to reddish brown (some are orange-red), paler ventrally with numerous minute round, dark-edged blue spots on head and body (except lower thorax and abdomen), median fins and pectoral fin base; largest spots on body with 3 times or more in greater pupil diameter; with more than 10 spots on cheek (in the region below and behind center of eye to preopercular margin); only Plectropomus with a nearly complete blue ring (dark brown in preservative) around the eye (sometimes broken into segments); whitish margin very narrow and usually present along middle or posterior margin of caudal fin, often preceded by an indistinct dark band; pectoral rays 14-17 (modally 16); 89-99 lateral line scales; 112-127 scales in longitudinal series; interorbital space no embedded scales; gill rakers on first gill arch developed 1-3 + 6-10; gill raker at right angle of first arch longer than longest gill filaments at angle; enlarged posterior nostril on individuals > 40 cm SL; dorsal soft ray 3rd or 4th longest, 2.2-2.75 in head; anal soft ray longest 2nd or 3rd, 2.05-2.45 in head; outer margin of anal fin from 4th -8th soft ray straight to slightly convex; emarginate caudal fin, caudal concavity 5.0-12.0 in head, fin length 1.3-1.55 in head; pectoral fins 1.9-2.2in head; pelvic fins 1.9-2.2 in head.

    Biologi

    Inhabit coral-rich areas of lagoon reefs and mid-shelf reefs. Inactive at night, hiding under ledges. Juveniles have a demersal existence in shallow water in reef habitats, especially around coral rubble. Adults feed mainly on fish. Juveniles feed on small fish and invertebrates such as crustaceans and squid. A protogynous hermaphrodite. Form several spawning aggregations on a reef occurring around the new moon. Eggs float just below the surface. Larvae are pelagic. P. leopardus is used in cage culture; P. maculatus in Ref. 3081 was probably a mixture of P. maculatus and P. leopardus; the Plectropomus sp. used for the experiments reported in Ref. 4719 consisted predominantly of P. leopardus, with some P. maculatus (M.F. Capra, pers. comm.). On the Great Barrier Reef, its maximum lifespan is 14 years.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Reports of ciguatera poisoning
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    Gohunt is offline RegularFishy Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold Gohunt is a splendid one to behold
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    Kerapu Bintang

    Cephalopholis miniata - Coral hind



    Klasifikasi / Names

    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
    Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 45.0 cm TL jantan

    Length at first maturity

    Lm ?, range 26 - ? cm

    Lingkungan

    Berasosiasi dengan karang; nir-ruaya; laut; kisaran kedalaman 2 - 150 m.

    Klimat / Range

    Tropical; 35N - 34S, 31E - 158W

    Penyebaran

    Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to Durban, South Africa and eastward to the Line Islands; including most islands in the Indian and west-central Pacific oceans. Absent from Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Misidentified as Cephalopholis cyanostigma from Reunion.
    Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 14-15; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8 - 9. Color orange-red to reddish brown, usually dark posteriorly with numerous bright blue spots which are smaller than the pupil and often faintly dark-edged on head, body and median fins; distal margin of caudal fin and soft portions of dorsal and anal fins usually with a narrow blue margin and blackish submarginal line; orange-yellow pectoral fins, on some only distally; orange-red pelvic fins; it is capable of a disruptive color pattern of irregular oblique olivaceous bars; juveniles may be yellow with scattered faint blue spots. D IX, 14-16; A III, 8-9 (rarely 8); pectoral 17-18 (often 18); scales on lateral line 47-55; scales on longitudinal series 94-114; snout anterior to nostrils no scales; partially scaled maxilla; abdomen with cycloid scales; gill rakers 7-9 + 13-15; depth of body 2.65-3.05 in SL; length of head 2.4-2.65 in SL; the maxilla extends to or posterior to rear of the orbit; smooth ventral margin of preopercle; 5th - 8th dorsal spines longest , 3.0-3.6 in head; pectoral fins 1.45-1.75 in head; pelvic fins do not reach the anus, 1.9-2.3 in head.

    Biologi

    Inhabit clear waters of coral reefs; more often found in exposed rather than protected reef areas. Feed on fishes (80%, mainly Pseudanthias squamipinnis) and crustaceans. Form haremic groups comprising of a dominant male and 2 to 12 females. These groups occupy territories of up to 475 sq m subdivided into secondary territories and defended by a single female. Generally common.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Harmless
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    Kurisi Bali - Ruby Snapper

    Etelis coruscans - Kurisi Cablak



    Klasifikasi / Nama

    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Etelinae
    Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 120 cm TL jantan; common length : 50.0 cm SL jantan

    Length at first maturity

    Lm 66.3, range 52 - ? cm

    Lingkungan

    Berasosiasi dengan karang; laut; kisaran kedalaman 90 - 400 m

    Klimat / Range

    Deep-water; 35N - 27S, 36E - 142W

    Penyebaran

    Indo-Pacific: East Africa up to the Bashee River 32S, eastward to the Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia (Queensland and New South Wales) and Lord Howe Island. The name Etelis carbunculus has been misapplied to this species by some previous authors.
    Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 10; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 11; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8. Interorbital space flat. Maxilla covered with scales. Dorsal and anal fin bases without scales. Upper caudal lobe becoming greatly elongated with increased growth. Scale rows on back parallel with lateral line. Back and upper sides deep pink to red; lower sides and belly pink; fines pink to red.

    Biologi

    Inhabits rocky bottoms of the continental shelf and continental slope. Benthopelagic. Feeds on small fishes, squids and crustaceans. Considered an important food fish in some areas. Marketed fresh and frozen. Highly valued for the quality of its flesh.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Harmless
    Last edited by Gohunt; 31-07-2011 at 18:17.
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    Wakung Sawo - Ikan Merah

    Wakung Sawo - Pinjalo pinjalo



    Klasifikasi / Nama

    Ikan bertulang sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae (Snappers) > Lutjaninae
    Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan)

    Size / Weight / umur

    Max length : 80.0 cm TL jantan; common length : 30.0 cm TL jantan

    Lingkungan

    Berasosiasi dengan karang; laut; kisaran kedalaman 15 - 60 m

    Klimat / Range

    Tropical; 31N - 16S, 31E - 149E

    Penyebaran

    Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Papua (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan.
    Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan

    Deskripsi pendek

    Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 11; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 13-15; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 8 - 10. Dorsal profile of head high. Interorbital space strongly convex. Eye relatively large with an adipose lid. Preorbital bone narrow, less than eye diameter. Snout relatively short and pointed. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Predorsal scales on top of head beginning above middle of eye. Scale rows above and below lateral line rising obliquely toward dorsal profile. Adults greenish-grey to reddish with yellowish fins.

    Biologi

    Inhabits reefs and rocky bottoms. A schooling species that appears to open ocean reefs where occurring in shallow depths of a few meters. In most areas they occur deep and are usually trawled to 100 m depth. Feeds on benthic and planktonic invertebrates, and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.

    Ancaman kepada manusia

    Harmless
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