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Thread: Kumpulan jenis ikan air tawar dan payau

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    Kumpulan jenis ikan air tawar dan payau

    Thread ini kami buat untuk memenuhi keinginan dari rekan2 yg banyak sekali menanyakan jenis2 ikan yg terdapat diperainan indonesia...

    saya coba untuk menuliskan data2nya sekaligus kalo ada ya pakai foto atau gambar ilustrasinya agar bisa di identifikasi... di usahakan juga nama lain sesuai daerahnya masing.

    Saya juga menghimbau bagi rekan2 yg mau mengisi diusahakan data semaksimal mungkin dan sekomplit betul... agar teman2 lainnya dapat mengetahui jenis ikan dengan tepat.
    mohon untuk rekan2 bisa mengikuti format yg saya buat.

    Sebagian jenis2 ini ini mungkin sangat langka dan diambang kepunahan...
    jadi kalo ada yg menemukannya harap di foto dan infokan di dapat di daerah mana (spot boleh dirahasiakan bila dikuatirkan akan menjadi ekploitasi yg tak diharapkan).

    Mudah2an dengan thread ini kita bisa lebih tahu banyak tentang ikan2 di perairan kita dan bisa melestarikannya. Biar anak cucu kita juga tahu bahwa alam kita itu kaya raya....

    Semoga bermanfaat dan terikasih atas bantuannya semua.

    sigits bogor
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    Ikan Mas (Cyprinus Carpio)

    ikan mas, cryprinus carpio.jpg

    Popular Name : Common Carp
    Cientific Name:
    Cyprinus Carpio
    Family: Cyprinidae
    Environment: freshwater
    Origin: Europe
    Adult Size: Max length: 120 cm, Max Weight: 40.5 kg
    Lifespan: 38 years (reported)
    Social: Generally peaceful
    Diet: eat a vegetarian diet of water plants, but prefers to scavenge the bottom for insects, crustaceans, zooplankton, and benthic worms.
    Breeding: Egglayer
    Care:
    Intermediate
    pH range:
    7.0 - 7.5
    Temperature: Subtropical; 3C - 32C
    Distribution : Europe to Asia ---> Europe, Russia, China, India and South-East Asia.

    Nama lokal/daerah: ikan mas, tombro, karper, koi

    cara pancing:

    hampir semua tenik mancing bisa diterapkan,

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: kubis, kangkung, ubi, cacing, ulat, serangga, dll
    Pemancingan: pelet dan umpan olahan lainnya.

    ikan ini tersebar hampir di seluruh perairan indonesia, selain menjadi ikan ekonomi, ikan ini pun hidup di alam bebas. Bisa di jumpai di sungai, kali, danau, setu, embung, waduk, dll.

    sumber: Fishbase dan wikipedia

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    Patin (Pangasius)

    pangasius.jpg

    Popular Name : Pangasius
    Cientific Name:
    Pangasius Hypophthalmus
    Family: Pangasiidae
    Environment: freshwater
    Origin: Mekong, thailand, java, sumatra, borneo
    Adult Size: Max length : 100 cm
    Lifespan: -
    Social: Generally peaceful
    Diet: feeding on animal and plant matter including detritus.
    Breeding: Egglayer
    Care:
    Intermediate
    pH range:
    6 - 7.5
    Temperature: tropical; 25C - 30C
    Distribution : Asia: Mekong basin, Hue River, the Malay Peninsula and Indonesia, including Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Particularly widely distributed in Borneo (Kapuas, Mahakam, Rejang and Kinabatangan).

    Nama lokal/daerah: Patin, Sius, Jambal Roti dll

    cara pancing:

    hampir semua tenik mancing bisa diterapkan, hanya yang paling populer adalah glosor/dasaran

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: roti, usus, bakso, bakwan, sabun mandi batangan, daging ayam, jeroan dll
    kolam: pelet wangi, roti, pelet olahan, buah2an (ceri, pisang, duren, kersen dll)

    Selain menjadi ikan ekonomi, ikan ini pun hidup di alam bebas. Bisa di jumpai di sungai besar, danau, setu, embung, waduk, dll.
    Ikan ini ada yang Albino juga.
    Last edited by sigit_susilo; 15-04-2010 at 13:45.

    sigits bogor
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    Nila

    245.jpgred tilapia.jpg

    Popular Name :
    Nile Tilapia
    Cientific Name:
    Oreochromis Niloticus
    Family: Cichlidae
    Environment: freshwater max. depth range 5 m
    Origin: Africa (Egypt)
    Adult Size: Max length : 60 cm; Max. weight 6 kg
    Lifespan: 9 years
    Social: Territorial
    Diet: Feeds mainly on phytoplankton or benthic algae.
    Breeding: Egglayer
    Care:
    -
    pH range:
    5 - 7
    Temperature: tropical; 14C - 33C
    Distribution : Africa: coastal rivers of Israel; Nile from below Albert Nile to the delta; Jebel Marra; in West Africa natural distribution covers the basins of the Niger, Benue, Volta, Gambia, Senegal and Chad,

    Nama lokal/daerah: Nila, kakap gunung

    cara pancing:

    hampir semua tenik mancing bisa diterapkan, hanya yang paling populer adalah glosor dan mancing lobang

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: lumut, cacing
    kolam: pelet, lumut, cacing

    Walau ikan ini adalah ikan intruder namun sangat di gemari karena dagingnyya yg gurih.
    Selain menjadi ikan ekonomi, ikan ini pun hidup di alam bebas. Bisa di jumpai di sungai, kali, danau, setu, embung, waduk, dll.
    Ikan ini ada yang merahnya juga.

    sumber : dari berbagai sumber termasuk Fishbase dan wikipedia

    sigits bogor
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    Mujair

    Mujair.jpgOreochromis mossambicus (Juvenile Tilapia).jpg

    Popular Name :
    TilapiaMossambique
    Cientific Name:
    Oreochromis Mossambicus
    Family: Cichlidae
    Environment: freshwater max. depth range 1-12 m
    Origin: Africa (Egypt)
    Adult Size: Max length : 40 cm; Max. weight 3 kg
    Lifespan: 11 years
    Social: Territorial
    Diet: Feeds mainly on phytoplankton or benthic algae.
    Breeding: Egglayer
    Care:
    -
    pH range:
    5 - 7
    Temperature: tropical; 14C - 33C
    Distribution : Africa: Lower Zambezi, Lower Shir and coastal plains from Zambezi delta to Algoa Bay.

    Nama lokal/daerah: Mujair

    cara pancing:

    hampir semua tenik mancing bisa diterapkan, hanya yang paling populer adalah glosor dan mancing lobang

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: lumut, cacing
    kolam: pelet, lumut, cacing

    Walau ikan ini adalah ikan intruder namun sangat di gemari karena dagingnya yg gurih.
    Selain menjadi ikan ekonomi, ikan ini pun hidup di alam bebas. Bisa di jumpai di sungai, kali, danau, setu, embung, waduk, dll.

    ikan ini sering kawin dengan ikan nila sehingga streinnya rada membingungkan.
    Perbedaan yg jelas adalah mujair tidak memiliki motif garis2 vertikal di ekornya.

    sigits bogor
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    Nice info kang...
    Btw untuk ikan waderan atau iwak benteur ada ulasannya ga?
    Suwun
    * mlAn dEngn $Tls ht *
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    Belida Jawa

    belida jawa.jpgbelida jawa 2.jpg

    Popular Name :
    Notopterus
    Cientific Name:
    Notopterus Notopterus
    Family:
    Notopteridae
    Environment: freshwater
    Origin: south asia
    Adult Size: Max length : 60 cm
    Deept water: 15 m
    Lifespan: -
    Social: Soliter
    Diet: -
    Breeding: Egglayer, Breeding takes place in stagnant or running waters in the rainy season.
    Care: -
    pH range:
    6 - 6.5
    Temperature: tropical; 24C - 28C
    Distribution : Asia: Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Krishna, Cauvery, and other river basins in southern India; Irrawaddy, and Salween; Meklong, Chao Phraya, Mekong and virtually all coastal river basins of peninsular Thailand and Malaysia; Sumatra and Java.

    Nama lokal/daerah: Belida Jawa
    Status : Langka / indemik asli ikan indonesia

    teknik pancing:

    glosor / jeblug dan ngoncer

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: ikan2 kecil, udang hidup

    habitat di sungai besar, danau, dan setu.
    ciri khasnya adalah lekukan dikepala tidak terlalu terlihat. (amati gambar)
    ikan ini sangat jarang/langka, mohon untuk yg mendapatkan sebisa mungkin tidak berakhir di kuali.

    sumber : dari berbagai sumber termasuk Fishbase dan wikipedia
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    Last edited by sigit_susilo; 15-04-2010 at 15:45.

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    Quote Originally Posted by aa muftibritama0185 View Post
    Nice info kang...
    Btw untuk ikan waderan atau iwak benteur ada ulasannya ga?
    Suwun
    Sabar kang mufti... saya berusaha mengumpulkan data sebanyak2nya tentang ikan air tawar ini.
    Untuk wader bin benteur pasti akan di release infonya.

    sigits bogor
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    Belida Hias

    50492824.JPGnotopterus-chitala.jpg

    Popular Name :
    Clown Featherback Knifefish
    Cientific Name: Chitala Ornata
    Family:
    Notopteridae
    Environment: freshwater
    Origin: south asia
    Adult Size: Max length : 100 cm, Max. weight 5 kg
    Deept water: 15 m
    Lifespan: -
    Social: Soliter
    Diet: -
    Breeding: Egglayer, Breeding takes place in stagnant or running waters in the rainy season.
    Care: -
    pH range:
    6 - 6.5
    Temperature: tropical; 24C - 28C
    Distribution : Most knifefish species come from Southeast Asia, specifically Thailand, Borneo, Malaysia, India, and Sumatra.

    Nama lokal/daerah: Belida Hias
    Status : Indemik asli ikan indonesia

    teknik pancing:

    glosor / jeblug dan ngoncer

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: ikan2 kecil, udang hidup, keluarga ulat dan cacing

    habitat di sungai besar, danau, dan setu.
    ciri khasnya adalah bintik2 bulat di badan... ada yg cuma satu ada yg banyak.

    sigits bogor
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    Belida Bangkok

    Chitala+lopis.jpg

    Popular Name :
    Giant Knifefish
    Cientific Name:
    Chitala Lopis
    Family:
    Notopteridae
    Environment: freshwater
    Origin: south asia
    Adult Size: Max length : 150 cm, Max weight : 25 kg
    Deept water: 15 m
    Lifespan: -
    Social: Soliter
    Diet: -
    Breeding: Egglayer, Breeding takes place in stagnant or running waters in the rainy season.
    Care: -
    pH range:
    6 - 6.5
    Temperature: tropical; 24C - 28C
    Distribution : Asia: Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Krishna, Cauvery, and other river basins in southern India; Irrawaddy, and Salween; Meklong, Chao Phraya, Mekong and virtually all coastal river basins of peninsular Thailand and Malaysia; Sumatra and Java.

    Nama lokal/daerah: Belida, pipih, belido, kapirat, belida bangkok (krn besar)
    Status : Langka / indemik asli ikan indonesia

    teknik pancing:

    glosor / jeblug dan ngoncer

    Umpan mancing:
    Alam liar: ikan2 kecil, udang hidup

    habitat di sungai besar, danau, dan setu.
    hanpir sama mirip dengan belida jawa hanya belida bangkok bisa tumbuh besar sekali... dan bentuh kepala yg cekung.
    belida jenislah ini yg sering di konsumsi sebagai empek2 atau dijadikan krupuk

    sumber : dari berbagai sumber termasuk Fishbase dan wikipedia

    sigits bogor
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